American Newspapers & Periodicals Published In The UK & Europe 18th – 20th Centuries
The American Gazette 1768 – 1770
In 6 parts.
Subtitled “Being a Collection of all the Authentic Addresses, Memorials, Letters etc. which relate to the Present Disputes between Great Britain and her Colonies, containing also Many Original Papers never before published”. Published by G. Kearsly. Includes: speeches, letters, essays and several issues of The Monitor, a periodical published in Virginia. In 6 parts (456 printed pages with an appendix of 34 printed pages – the memorial from a meeting of the Town of Boston 11 October 1769 to the British Ministry). There is a table of contents to the whole.
The American Magazine October 1851 – February 1852
5 monthly issues.
Edited by Henry Howard Paul. Articles, stories, poems etc. by American writers such as Poe, James Russell Lowell, Fennimore Cooper, Longfellow etc. About 280 printed pages in total. Intended to make the literature of America available in Britain.
The London American 1895 – 1901 (Continued As The Anglo-American Press)
Devoted to politics, commerce, inventions and emigration. Many of the articles are taken from other papers. This paper began at a bad time in Anglo-American relations, on the eve of the Civil War, and foundered during it.
The American Herald 1873 – 1875
Directed to English readership intending to give news and accurate information of the “boundless resources” of the United States for the purposes of investment and immigration. The news is largely extracts from American papers, plus editorial information. Register of names of American visitors, 8 – 12 pages, medium size. Published in Liverpool, by C. Douglas Greig and Co., 2 February 1875 being the last issue, though the paper was much reduced. Contains an advert for “the Continental Herald, an Anglo-American Journal published daily in Paris”. Both of these could well be offshoots of the New York Herald.
The American News 1876 – 1877
A large format four page newspaper. Contains American and Canadian news, some on trade, literary serials, and short stories, with editorials on American and British politics. Directed towards enlightening the British public about America and Canada and based on the assumption of the common interests of Britain and North America: “a generous and kindred itinerary…”.
Contains editorial comment, social gossip and American and European news. Edited by Charles McArmor: “In the interest of intelligent emigration, and as an independent Guide for Emigrants”. Originally begun for the promotion of intending emigrants, it changed its character after a few issues to cater for “those of our fellow citizens who cross the Atlantic by thousands every year, to form in the Old World, temporary itinerant colonies alike conspicuous by their opulence and liberality…” (Editorial 4 July 1863). World, European, and American news, amusing notes and jokes.
The American Visitor 1884
Directed towards travellers from America. Lists of the latest arrivals; editorial articles on subjects of interest to travellers, e.g. cholera, gambling and art; and a daily diary of things to do in London. Reviews of books, music, theatre and sport.
The American Eagle 1885 – 1886
Devoted to the American Exhibition of the arts, inventions, manufacturers, products, and resources of the United States.
American Humorist & Storyteller 1888
Anecdotes, stories and illustrations mainly taken from American journals but with an occasional original item. It contains news items of a much more folksy character than the commercially oriented papers.
The American & Colonial Gazette 1888
Journal for American and Colonial visitors.
America Abroad 1891 – 1907
An annual handbook for American and other visitors to London, Paris, Dublin etc. Published from 8 & 9 Essex Street, Strand, London.
American Society In Europe 1891 – 1892
Society gossip, mainly, light verse, commercial news. Much of the comment is about politicians or public figures and is often quite sharp. About 25 pages per issue.
The American Visitors’ News & Register & Colonial Gazette 1893 – 1897
For travellers from the United States. Register of arrivals, editorial comment, social gossip, shopping notes, tourist information.
The Anglo-Californian 1896 – 1898
A Journal reflecting the interests and progress of California and the Pacific Coast.
American Referee & Cycle Trade Journal 1897 – 1899 (Continued As The Cycle Referee & Trade Journal)
European edition, rather plush, in German, French, and English of an American cycle trade journal, designed to promote cycling and the sale of American cycles in Europe. Notes on cycling events in Europe. Has articles on technical developments. Advertisements are all for American firms (a cycle manufacturing machine for example), usually through English agents. News of recent patents, law regarding cycling etc., company reports. Editorial 30 December 1897 on Cobden Policy and the Cycle Trade, supporting free trade, shows how the trade sponsors the sporting events. Editor S.A. Miles.
The Anglo-Colorado Mining & Milling Guild 1898 – 1912 (Continued As The Anglo-American & Mexican Mining Guide & General Financier)
Addressed to British investors interested in gold mining in Colorado. “Not an organ of any Company or Syndicate (British or American) and can be relied upon as an independent Guide” (there had been much unsound speculation in American shares in mines, railways etc.). It also ran an information service for subscribers for a small fee. Contains articles about mining companies, railways, tunnels – Pike’s peak tunnel, for example – prices of mining stocks, and details of the shares, capital etc. of mining and other associated companies. It later developed into oil, real estate, financial and other investment. It widened also to include other Western mining states and Mexico.
The Anglo-Saxon 1899
A journal for the Anglo-Saxon race. Edited by James Mortimer. Concentrated on politics, literature, the arts. Dedicated to good feeling between the “great English-speaking nations”, which mainly means the United States although there were some Antipodean notes. Not much news but a great deal of comment idiosyncratic – great emphasis on “blood” and “kin”. Printed by Odhams from an office in the Strand.
The American Trade Review 1902
Subtitled “The English Invasion of America, a journal of facts; published now and then”. A pamphlet edited by Louis M. Porter in the interest of British exporters. Consists of brief articles with statistical tables on American and British trade. About 20 printed pages each issue.
The Anglo-American Traveller 1902 – 1903
Sent free to clubs, hotels and tourist agencies. 16 pages, glossy paper. Gossip, articles on resorts, hotels and shops, guide to London. American notes. Natural history notes, items of interest to Americans in Britain. Very much a promotional magazine.
The Anglo-American & Continental Courier 1903
Subtitled “An Illustrated Weekly Journal of International Intercourse, Society, Politics, Literature and Art”. A magazine, on thick glossy paper with illustrations, devoted to good Anglo-American relations, containing society and theatre gossip, articles such as one on George Washington’s ancestry, etc. It reported meetings of the Society of American Women in London and was effectively its journal. There are articles on prominent members of the Anglo-American community and prominent American families.
On 2 May 1903 its name changed to The Anglo-American & Canadian Journal, claiming to be in its sixth year of publication. The format is identical, as are its tone and style, and also the address of the offices, Trafalgar Buildings, Trafalgar Square. The Canadian Government had just begun to promote immigration in much the same way as the Americans had been doing, and the Journal now had some Canadian comment. It later called itself “The Official Organ of the American and Canadian Colonies in Europe”.
The American Blue Book 1905 – 1906
Edited and compiled by Genevieve C. Bancroft and Basil Bancroft. A trade directory containing a list of Americans and American firms in Great Britain.
The Anglo-American Illustrated News 1909 – 1914 (Continued As The Anglo-American & Continental Illustrated Gazette)
A large format newspaper of 8 pages directed towards English and American travellers and residents in Europe. Illustrations, social notes, amusing articles and anecdotes, sports, hotels, resorts, and London and Paris letters. No political news, and such news as it had, which was mainly English, was of crimes and accidents.
American Home News 1918 – 1919
Published daily by the American Y.M.C.A. Education Bureau. A single sheet with American football results and some items of war news reprinted.
The American Directory & Who’s Who In Europe 1922 – 1925
Editor and Publisher: Paul Brewster. Brewster was an American journalist who had worked for several years in Europe. The Directory had separate editions for Belgium, Britain, France, Italy, and Spain. Its listings included resident Americans, American women married to titled British, Belgians etc., American clubs, American newspaper representatives, and for Britain, France and Belgium, American companies represented.
American Women’s Magazine 1925 – 1937 & 1961 – 1977
The American Women’s Club was founded by 25 American women in London in 1899, originally as the Society of American Women in London. Its purposes were cultural, social and philanthropic, and to keep American women in touch with America. It has close ties with the Vassar Club, the English Speaking Union, the W0men’s City Club of Boston and the Women’s Athletic Club of San Francisco. The Club Magazine contains club and social news and articles on subjects of interest to the members, life in London, travel, fashion, the theatre, prominent American women etc. The members of the Club are mainly the wives of American businessmen resident in London or Americans married to Englishmen.